Fused Silica/Quartz Glass - Properties and Applications of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass by Goodfellow Ceramic & Glass Division

 

Topics Covered

Background
Quartz Glass
Production of Fused Silica or Quartz Glass
The Difference between Fused Silica and Quartz Glass
Advantages of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass
Applications of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass
Properties of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass

Background

Goodfellow Ceramic & Glass Division are an award-winning company who supply specialist glass and ceramics for scientific and industrial use.

Goodfellow Ceramic & Glass Division aim is to understand your application and then supply the most appropriate materials or components to meet your needs.

Our technical staff are qualified in glass technology and materials science and can, therefore, provide impartial advice and full technical support for your projects.

Quartz Glass

Quartz glass is an extremely versatile material used in a range of different applications. It has outstanding thermal properties, excellent optical transmission, with good electrical and corrosion performance.

Production of Fused Silica or Quartz Glass

There are two basic ways of making quartz / silica glass:

  • By melting silica grains either by gas or electrical heating (the type of heating affects some optical properties). This material can be transparent or, for some applications, opaque.
  • By synthesising the glass from chemicals

The Difference between Fused Silica and Quartz Glass

This synthetic material, normally referred to as synthetic fused silica, has better optical properties and is somewhat more expensive than the other type.

In the UK, terms such as quartz, silica, fused quartz and fused silica tend to be used interchangeably. In the USA, quartz refers to material melted from grains, silica refers to the synthetic material.

Advantages of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass

The advantages of fused silica or quartz glass include:

  • Incredibly thermally shock resistant (can be taken from red heat and plunged into water without cracking)
  • Low coefficient of thermal expansion
  • Optical transmission properties from ultra violet to infra red
  • Good chemical resistance
  • Excellent electrical insulator

Applications of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass

Applications Applications of fused silica/quartz glass include:

  • Windows
  • Lenses
  • Mirror substrates
  • Crucibles, trays and boats
  • UV transmitting optics (synthetic fused silica)
  • IR transmitting optics
  • Metrology components

Properties of Fused Silica/Quartz Glass

Table 1. Typical properties of fused silica/quartz glass.

  Property
Units
Value
General Chemical Formula
n/a
SiO2
Density
g/cm3
2.23
Mechanical Design Tensile Strength
MPa
48
Design Compressive strength
MPa
1100
Young's Modulus
GPa
72
Thermal Max. Use Temperature
°C
950-1300
Thermal Conductivity
W/m.K
1.4
Co-Efficient of Linear Expansion
10-6/°C
0.55
Electrical Volume Resistance
Ù.cm
1016
Dielectric Constant
 
3.7
Dielectric Strength
kV/mm
40

 

Figure 1. Transmission curve for 10mm thick fused silica/quartz glass (including surface reflection losses).

Properties of fused silica/quartz glass shown are typical values, they are not absolute material properties, and should be used for guidance only. It is recommended that materials and components are tested for their suitability for a specific application.

Source: Goodfellow Ceramic & Glass Division

For more information on this source, please visit Goodfellow Ceramic & Glass Division


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