Aluminium / Aluminum Alloy 3004 (UNS A93004)

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
     Machinability
     Forming
     Welding
     Heat treatment
     Forging
     Hot Working
     Cold Working
     Annealing
     Hardening
Applications

Introduction

Aluminium / Aluminum  alloys have high corrosion resistance. Their strength can be reduced when they are exposed to high temperatures. However, their strength can be increased at subzero temperatures. Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is an alloy containing manganese and magnesium.

The following datasheet gives more details about Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy.

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy.

Element Content (%)
Aluminium / Aluminum , Al 97.8
Manganese, Mn 1.2
Magnesium, Mg 1

Physical Properties

The physical properties of Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 2.6-2.8 g/cm3 0.0939- 0.101 lb/in3
Melting point 633°C 1170°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 215 MPa 31183 psi
Yield strength 170 MPa 24656 psi
Shear strength 115 MPa 16680 psi
Fatigue strength 105 MPa 15229 psi
Elastic modulus 70-80 GPa 10153-11603 ksi
Poisson's ratio 0.33 0.33
Elongation 10% 10%
Hardness 52 52

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy are given in the following table.

Properties Conditions
T (ºC) Treatment
Thermal conductivity 162 W/mK 25 -

Other Designations

Other designations that are equivalent to Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy include:

  • ASTM B209
  • ASTM B221
  • ASTM B313
  • ASTM B547
  • ASTM B548
  • SAE J454

Fabrication and Heat Treatment

Machinability

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy has good machinability in the hard temper. Oil lubricant is used for performing machining operations.

Forming

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy can be formed using conventional hot working or cold working methods.

Welding

The Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy can be welded using TIG or MIG welding techniques.

Heat treatment

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is a non-heat treatable alloy.

Forging

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is forged at temperatures ranging from 372 to 510°C (700 to 950°F).

Hot Working

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is hot worked at 260 to 483°C (500 to 900°F).

Cold Working

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy can be cold worked up to 75% reduction of area using conventional techniques. This process should be followed by annealing if it is cold worked beyond 75% reduction of area.

Annealing

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is annealed at 344°C (650°F) followed by cooling in air.

Hardening

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy can be annealed by cold working.

Applications

Aluminium / Aluminum  3004 alloy is used in sheet metal work. It is also used in manufacturing storage tanks.

Date Added: Aug 30, 2012 | Updated: Jun 11, 2013
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