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First Experimental Observation of Isostructural Solid-Solid Transition at Single-Particle Level

First Experimental Observation of Isostructural Solid-Solid Transition at Single-Particle Level

A solid’s surface usually melts into a thin liquid layer prior to the melting point. This phenomenon of surface melting occurs in all categories of solids: for example, two ice cubes can fuse at a temperature less than 0°C as the premelted surface water is surrounded inside the bulk at the point of contact and is frozen. Premelting promotes crystal growth, and is vital in geology, metallurgy, and meteorology, such as frost heave, snowflake growth, glacier movement, and skating. As there is a lack of microscopic measurements, the causes of several premelting scenarios and the impact of dimensionality on the premelting phenomenon are poorly understood. [More]
Researchers Use Laser Interferometry to Measure Growth Rate of Protein Crystals Onboard the ISS

Researchers Use Laser Interferometry to Measure Growth Rate of Protein Crystals Onboard the ISS

In order to study the effects of microgravity in a better way, Japanese researchers have grown protein crystals and successfully determined the rate of the crystals’ growth onboard the International Space Station (ISS) using laser interferometry. [More]
Surface Premelting Phenomenon Unravelled by Novel Colloidal Crystals

Surface Premelting Phenomenon Unravelled by Novel Colloidal Crystals

Scientists from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) have achieved single-particle resolution, for the first time, in the investigation of surface premelting phenomena. [More]
New Crystal with Unusual Conducting and Insulating Properties Could Hold Key for Future Electronic Technologies

New Crystal with Unusual Conducting and Insulating Properties Could Hold Key for Future Electronic Technologies

Researchers at Princeton University have observed a bizarre behavior in a strange new crystal that could hold the key for future electronic technologies. Unlike most materials in which electrons travel on the surface, in these new materials the electrons sink into the depths of the crystal through special conductive channels. [More]
Updated Crystalline Sponge Technique for Single-Crystal X-ray Diffraction Analysis

Updated Crystalline Sponge Technique for Single-Crystal X-ray Diffraction Analysis

X-ray crystallographic analysis is one of the only methods that provides direct information on molecular structures at the atomic level. The method, however, has the intrinsic limitation that the target molecules must be crystalline, and high-quality single crystals must be prepared before measurement. [More]
Scientists Study Magnetic and Ferroelectric Properties of Multiferroic Materials

Scientists Study Magnetic and Ferroelectric Properties of Multiferroic Materials

In 1894, Pierre Curie speculated on the “the symmetry in physical phenomena, symmetry of an electric field and a magnetic field.” Since then material scientists have working to discover a unique material that displays the coexistence of ferroelectricity and magnetism in a single compound, referred to as a multiferroic compound. [More]
Li-Ion Batteries Fabricated from Crystalline Materials Can Solve Electric Conductivity Problem

Li-Ion Batteries Fabricated from Crystalline Materials Can Solve Electric Conductivity Problem

Lithium-ion batteries are a rapidly growing energy storage method due to their high energy density, especially in mobile applications such as personal electronics and electric cars. [More]
Novel X-ray Method Provides Better Images of Imperfect Crystals of Biomolecules

Novel X-ray Method Provides Better Images of Imperfect Crystals of Biomolecules

Forming the high-quality crystals required for X-ray analysis of the structure of biological molecules is often the most difficult part of taking atomic-resolution images. Using the world's brightest X-ray source, at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, researchers have demonstrated that sharp images are obtainable, even with imperfect crystals. [More]
Twisted X-rays Help Explore Biological and Nanoscale Structures

Twisted X-rays Help Explore Biological and Nanoscale Structures

The phenomenon of X-ray diffraction by crystals was discovered more than a century ago, and since then it has been a preferred technique for structure determination. It has established its presence in structural research in the fields of biology, and material science. However, many materials whose structures are unknown, do not easily crystallize as three-dimensional structures. [More]
Newly Developed Organic Semiconductor Crystals Enable Cost-Effective Flexible Electronics Production

Newly Developed Organic Semiconductor Crystals Enable Cost-Effective Flexible Electronics Production

Scientists from the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University have grown organic semiconductor crystals which can reduce the cost of the process of creating light, flexible and transparent light-emitting electronic devices of the new generation. [More]