CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS Series 2 — High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

The G4 ICARUS from Bruker offers exceptional performance with industry-proven usability.

Carbon and Sulfur by Combustion — Redefined by Unique Innovations

  • Pore size of 3 µm — Better stability and a clean workspace are ensured by a high-efficiency dust filter
  • Less than 60 seconds cycle time and cleaning cycle — The incorporated automatic cleaning system provides clean, rapid and efficient combustion, while any dust is disposed of into the crucible by ZoneProtectTM.
  • 10 times greater signal to noise ratio — Since UV absorption is far more efficient than IR absorption, HighSense SO2 detection provides a 10 times superior S/N ratio, five decades of linear dynamic range, and ultimate stability that is unaffected by temperature changes.

Versatility for Research Combined with Industry Proven Reliability

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 combustion analyzer with high frequency (HF) induction furnace and HighSenseTM sensing set new benchmarks in inorganic solids carbon (C) and sulfur (S) analysis.

The requirement for efficient and easy CS analysis is not restricted to iron and steel, and also applies to ferrous and non-ferrous metals, their alloys, ceramics, ores, cement, limestone and a variety of other inorganic solids due to their impact on material properties.

  • The completely automatic cleaning method with brushless dust removal cleans the inline, highly efficient, dust filter and the gas extraction nozzle at the same time as transporting accumulated dust into the crucible for disposal.
  • ZoneProtect™: The innovative combustion zone design has a gas extraction nozzle that ensures an adequate oxygen supply to the sample while allowing freed gases and dust particles to be purged through the nozzle immediately.
  • HighSense™ Detection: The most recent advancements in the field of high-performance light-emitting diodes (UV-LED) have permitted the construction of an SO2 detector with exceptional performance. This approach has the lowest detection limitations as well as an ultra-wide linear dynamic range. All Bruker detectors are provided with incorporated reference beam channels to eliminate drifts and give the highest level of baseline and calibration reliability. 

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Benefits

The Need for Combustion Analysis?

When time to result is critical, where accuracy must be guaranteed in the first shot with minimal sample preparation, combustion analysis is unbeatable for light element analysis. Direct spectroscopic approaches are difficult or impossible to attain, especially when light elements are present in complicated matrices.

Since it uses a volumetric method for assessing the entire sample, the G4 ICARUS Series 2 produces accurate data even in grey cast iron, where carbon is unevenly dispersed in the form of graphite clusters.

Furnace lift with crucible pedestal.

Furnace lift with crucible pedestal. Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH.

Crucible with sample and accelerator.

Crucible with sample and accelerator. Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH.

Calibration curve.

Calibration curve. Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

G4 ICARUS Series 2 Applications

Iron, Steel, Cobalt and Nickel

Carbon is the major interstitial alloying element in these materials and greatly influences their properties. Sulfur is generally considered a desired additive or a contaminant. At the time of metal production and alloying, high precision carbon and sulfur analyses are important for an optimal production process.

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 is designed to meet and exceed demanding process control requirements on the final metal and also on ingredients like ferroalloys and raw materials up to slags formed.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Cast Iron

In cast iron, carbon is the most common alloying ingredient, with normal amounts exceeding 2%. Since it uses a volumetric technique to analyze the entire sample, the G4 ICARUS Series 2 offers precise results even in tough matrices like grey cast iron, where carbon is irregularly dispersed in the form of graphite flakes.

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 analyses mold powder and fluxes as well.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Case Hardening

Controlling the carbon potential during the carburization process is needed for case hardening. The “shim stock” method, which uses heat treatment test foils that are positioned inside the furnace, is used to assess the carbon potential by direct furnace atmosphere analysis.

With its simplicity of use and long-term reliability, the G4 ICARUS Series 2 is the ideal analyzer for any parts manufacturer maintaining a heat treatment/hardening shop.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Metal Processing

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 offers exceptional analytical performance and versatility with HighSenseTM technology to every challenging metal processing task in aviation, space, automotive, biomedical, electronic and related industries, including stainless steel, aluminum, copper, nickel, titanium, zirconium and other special metal alloys.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Cement

Cement is a hydraulic binder that is used to make many common building materials, like concrete and mortar. The elemental and phase composition must be analyzed quickly and accurately for quality and process control.

By measuring carbon and sulfur, the G4 ICARUS Series 2 makes it simple and quick to monitor the amount of limestone and gypsum/anhydrite in cement.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Limestone, Lime and Dolomite

Limestone and Dolomite are sedimentary rocks that have a wide range of uses. Limestone is used as a building material, aggregate, fluxing agent and acid neutralizing agent, among other things. Dolomite is a preferred construction material since it is tougher than limestone.

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 combines ease of use and durability to provide quick and precise carbon and sulfur readings for quality and process control in key raw materials.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Ores and Minerals

The target metal content determines the value of minerals and metal-bearing ores. The sulfur content of the ore concentrate is used to estimate the amount of metal in the concentrate, and as a quality control measure for assessing the concentration process’ efficiency.

Knowing the correct carbon and sulfur levels enable mining operations and mineral beneficiation to be optimized.

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 is the ideal analytical tool for any mining laboratory, thanks to its ultra-wide range of HighSense detectors.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

Glass and Ceramics

Refractory oxides, nitrides and carbides are used in a wide range of applications, from industry refractory materials to excellent performance ceramics in electronics or metal cutting. The amount of carbon and sulfur present in the process or in the finished product has a variety of effects on the distinctive qualities of glass and ceramics.

The G4 ICARUS Series 2 is an ideal tool for the quick examination of raw materials, intermediates and final products, thanks to its powerful HF-furnace with ZoneProtect and broad sensing range.

CS/ONH-Analysis–G4 ICARUS CS HF—High Performance Carbon and Sulfur Analyzer

Image Credit: Bruker AXS GmbH. 

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