Article - 5 Feb 2016
Many years ago, ferrous materials were rare, and were found only as debris of meteorites. Iron and its alloys were used only for accessories, such as cultural items or jewelry.
Article - 22 Sep 2015
Duplex steels have a two- phase microstructure made up of austenite and ferrite.
Article - 23 Sep 2005
To explore the possibility of effective reutilization of sewage sludge into cement kiln process, characterization of clinkering reaction was carried out using P2O5 and Cl additions. This experiment...
Article - 20 May 2005
Stainless steel is the name for a family of corrosion resistant steels. New uses are being continuously found for the attractive appearance, low maintenance and strength of stainless steel. Grade...
Article - 15 Feb 2002
Life cycle costing is a method for justifying materials choices for applications. It takes into account cost, fabrication and installation, maintenance, replacement costs, production losses and...
Article - 7 Feb 2002
Outlined are some simple and practical tests that can be used for the identification of grades and types of stainless steel. The tests are inexpensive and non-destructive but do have some limitations...
Article - 8 Jan 2002
Stainless steels can be fabricated using most conventional techniques, although some different processing parameters may be required compared to plain carbon steels. These are investigated for...
Article - 7 Nov 2001
A super duplex grade combining high strength and exceptional corrosion resistance. It is only really suitable for operation between -50 and 270°C. Typical applications include oil and gas exploration,...
Article - 26 Oct 2001
Grade 430 is a non-hardenable grade that combines good corrosion resistance, formability and useful mechanical properties. It is resistant to nitric acid making it useful in the chemical industry, but...
Article - 23 Oct 2001
321 is similar to 304, but uses titanium as a stabilizer. They differ in that they are resistant to intergranular corrosion after heating to temperatures in the carbide precipitation range.