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  • Article - 23 Jul 2001
    Uranium is a heavy, silver-white metal resembling nickel. It is malleable, ductile, slightly paramagnetic and pyrophoric when finely divided. Its main uses are as a nuclear fuel, radioactive isotope...
  • Article - 23 Jul 2001
    Ancient Chinese and Hindus were familiar with mercury (Hg). The metal was also found in Egyptian tombs of 1500 BC. Mercury rarely occurs as such in nature.
  • Article - 23 Jul 2001
    Platinum (Pt) was discovered by Ulloa in 1735 and Wood in 1741. Platinum occurs as such naturally, together with negligible amounts of palladium, iridium, rhodium, osmium, and ruthenium.
  • Article - 20 Jul 2001
    Silicon is synthesized commercially by heating carbon and silica in an electric furnace, using carbon electrodes.
  • Article - 20 Jul 2001
    Gold is most widely known as a precious metal due to its high lustre and chemical inertness. It is also used for coinage, ornaments, jewellery, gilding, textile industry, radiation control,...
  • Article - 20 Jul 2001
    Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earth metals. It is malleable and oxidises readily at room temperature. It is used in pyrophoric alloys for cigarette lighters and in the making of some...
  • Article - 20 Jul 2001
    In 1817, German chemist Friedrich Strohmeyer discovered cadmium from an impurity of zinc carbonate (ZnCO3). Cadmium derives from the Latin term ‘cadmia’ and the Greek word ‘kadmeia’, which are ancient...
  • Article - 16 Jul 2001
    Definitions of material properties covered in AZoM Property Tables. Properties covered include mechanical, physical, thermal, electrical and environmental properties.
  • Article - 6 Jun 2001
    Developments in the steel industry are helping stave off challenges from alternative materials such as aluminium and plastics in the automotive industry. Steel still dominates for many reasons which...
  • Article - 29 May 2001
    Invar has the lowest thermal expansion of any known metal or alloy from room temperature up to 230?C. Special low expansion and sealing alloy grades are available. Applications include thermostats,...