Stainless Steels - Stainless 303 Properties, Fabrication and Applications, Supplier Data by Aalco

Topics Covered

Background

Chemical Composition of Stainless Steels

Properties of Stainless Steels

Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steels

Physical Properties of Stainless Steels

Alloy Designations

Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels

Heat Resistance of Stainless Steels

Fabrication of Stainless Steels

Cold Working of Stainless Steels

Hot Working of Stainless Steels

Heat Treatment of Stainless Steels

Machinability

Welding of Stainless Steels

Applications of Stainless Steels

Supplied Forms

Background

Stainless steels type 1.4305 is popularly known as grade 303 stainless steel. Grade 303 stainless steel is the most readily machineable of all the austenitic grades of stainless steel.

The machineable nature of Grade 303 stainless steel is due to the presence of Sulphur in the steels composition. Whilst the Sulphur improves machining, it also causes a decrease in the corrosion resistance and a slight lowering of the toughness. The corrosion resistance of grade 303 stainless steel is lower than that for 304. The toughness is still excellent as with other austenitic grades.

Property data given in this document is typical for bar products covered by ASTM A582. ASTM, EN or other standards may cover products sold by Aalco. It is reasonable to expect specifications in these standards to be similar but not necessarily identical to those given in this article.

Chemical Composition of Stainless Steels

Table 1. Typical chemical composition for stainless steels alloy 303

%

303

C

0-0.10

Mn

0-2.0

Si

0-1.0

P

0-0.4

S

0-0.15

Cr

17-19

Ni

8-10

Fe

balance

 

Properties Composition of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Table 2. Typical mechanical properties for stainless steels alloy 303

Grade

303

Tensile Strength (MPa)

500-700

Proof Stress (MPa)

190 Min

Elongation A5 (%)

35

Physical Properties of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Table 3. Typical physical properties for stainless steels alloy 303

Property

Value

Density

8.03 kg/m3

Melting Point

1455°C

Modulus of Elasticity

193 GPa

Electrical Resistivity

0.072x10-6 Ω.m

Thermal Conductivity

16.3 W/m.K

Thermal Expansion

17.3x10-6 /K 

Alloy Designations

Stainless steel grade 303 also corresponds to the following standard designations and specifications:

Euronorm

UNS

BS

En

Grade

1.4305

S30300

303S31

58M

303

Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Sulphur additions to the composition act as initiation sites for pitting corrosion. This decreases the corrosion resistance of grade 303 stainless steel to less than that for 304. However corrosion resistance remains good in mild environments.

In chloride containing environments over 60°C, grade 303 stainless steel is subject to pitting and crevice corrosion. Grade 303 stainless is not suitable for use in marine environments.

Heat Resistance of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Grade 303 stainless steel has good resistance to oxidation when intermittently exposed to temperature up to 760°C temperatures. It also has good oxidation resistance in continuous service to 870°C. This, however, is not recommended as 303 is sensitive to carbide precipitation with continuous use at 425-860°C.

Fabrication of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Fabrication of all stainless steels should be done only with tools dedicated to stainless steel materials. Tooling and work surfaces must be thoroughly cleaned before use. These precautions are necessary to avoid cross contamination of stainless steel by easily corroded metals that may discolour the surface of the fabricated product.

Cold Working of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Type 303 is not readily cold workable. Some cold working is possible but sharp bending should not be attempted.

Hot Working of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Fabrication methods, like forging, that involve hot working like should occur after uniform heating to 1149-1260°C. The fabricated components should then be rapidly cooled to ensure maximum corrosion resistance.

Heat Treatment of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Grade 303 stainless steel cannot be hardened by heat treatment.

Solution treatment or annealing can be done by rapid cooling after heating to 1010-1120°C.

Machinability

Grade 303 stainless steel has excellent machinability. Machining can be enhanced by adhering to the following rules:

  • Cutting edges must be kept sharp. Dull edges cause excess work hardening.
  • Cuts should be light but deep enough to prevent work hardening by riding on the surface of the material.
  • Chip breakers should be employed to assist in ensuring swarf remains clear of the work
  • Low thermal conductivity of austenitic alloys results in heat concentrating at the cutting edges. This means coolants and lubricants are necessary and must be used in large quantities.

Welding of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

The sulphur addition present in Grade 303 stainless steel results in poor weldability. If Grade 303 stainless steel must be welded the recommended filler rods or electrodes are grades 308L and 309 stainless steels. For maximum corrosion resistance, the welds must be annealed.

Applications of Stainless Steel Alloy 303

Grade 303 stainless steel is used in applications that require parts to be heavily machined. These applications include:

  • Nuts and bolts
  • Screws
  • Gears
  • Aircraft fittings
  • Bushings
  • Shafts

Supplied Forms

Grade 303 stainless steel is typically supplied by Aalco in the following forms:

  • Round bar
  • Hexagonal bar

Source: Aalco

For more information on this source please visit Aalco

DISCLAIMER

This Data is indicative only and must not be seen as a substitute for the full specification from which it is drawn. In particular, the mechanical property requirements vary widely with temper, product and product dimensions. The information is based on our present knowledge and is given in good faith. However, no liability will be accepted by the Company is respect of any action taken by any third party in reliance thereon.

As the products detailed may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company has no control over their use; the Company specifically excludes all conditions or warranties expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions, properties and/or fitness for any particular purpose.

Any advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that party’s assistance only and without liability on the part of the Company. Any contract between the Company and a customer will be subject to the company’s Conditions of Sale. The extent of the Company’s liabilities to any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions; a copy of which is available on request.

Date Added: May 18, 2005 | Updated: Jul 15, 2013
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