Topics CoveredIntroductionChemical CompositionPhysical PropertiesMechanical PropertiesThermal PropertiesOther DesignationsFabrication and Heat Treatment Machinability Forming Welding Heat treatment Forging Hot Working Cold Working Annealing Tempering HardeningApplications
AISI 1010 carbon steel is a plain carbon steel with 0.10% carbon content. This steel has relatively low strength but it can be quenched and tempered to increase strength.
The following datasheet provides more details about AISI 1010 carbon steel.
The following table shows the chemical composition of the AISI 1010 carbon steel.
The physical properties ofAISI 1010 carbon steel are outlined in the following table.
The mechanical properties of AISI 1010 cold drawn carbon steel are tabulated below.
|Yield strength (depending on temper)
|Bulk modulus (typical for steel)
|Shear modulus (typical for steel)
|Elongation at break (in 50 mm)
|Reduction of area
|Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness)
|Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness)
|Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness)
|Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel as 100 machinability. The machinability of group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing)
The thermal properties of AISI 1010 carbon steel are tabulated below.
|Thermal expansion co-efficient (@0.000-100°C/32-212°F)
|Thermal conductivity (typical for steel)
||346 BTU in/hr.ft².°F|
Equivalent materials to AISI 1010 carbon steel are as follows.
|ASTM A512 (1010, MT 1010)
||ASTM A513 (1010, MT 1010)
||ASTM A519 (1010, MT 1010)
||ASTM A787 (MT 1010)
||MIL S-11310 (CS 1010)
||ASTM A513 Type 2|
||AFNOR XC 10
||ASTM A513 Type 3
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
The machinability of AISI 1010 carbon steel, especially in the cold drawn or cold worked state, is considered as fairly good.
AISI 1010 carbon steel has good formability and ductility, and can be easily formed using conventional methods.
AISI 1010 carbon steel can be welded using all the conventional welding techniques.
AISI 1010 carbon steel is mostly used in the annealed or case hardened condition. However, it can also be heat treated, quenched and tempered but the cost for performing these processes are very high.
Forging can be performed on AISI 1010 carbon steel between 1260 and 982°C (2300 and 1800°F).
The hot working capacity of AISI 1010 carbon steel is between the ranges of 482 to 93°C (900 to 200°F).
The cold working capacity of AISI 1010 carbon steel is good. In cases where severe cold working is performed stress relief or full anneal has to be performed.
A full anneal process can be performed for AISI 1010 carbon steel at 871 to 982°C (1600 to 1800°F), which is followed by slow cooling process in the furnace. A stress relief anneal process can also be done at 538°C (1000°F) and then gradually cooled. AISI 1010 carbon steel in the full annealed condition has a tensile strength of about 45 ksi.
Tempering can be performed on AISI 1010 carbon steel, after hardening process is completed, at 316 to 593°C (600 to 1100°F). This depends upon the strength level that is required. When tempering is performed at 538°C (1000 F), the tensile strength will be about 75 ksi.
AISI 1010 carbon steel can be hardened by both cold working and heat treatment.
AISI 1010 carbon steel is primarily used for applications such as cold headed fasteners and bolts.