AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
     Machinability
     Forming
     Welding
     Heat treatment
     Forging
     Hot Working
     Cold Working
     Annealing
     Tempering
     Hardening
Applications

Introduction

AISI 1010 carbon steel is a plain carbon steel with 0.10% carbon content. This steel has relatively low strength but it can be quenched and tempered to increase strength.

The following datasheet provides more details about AISI 1010 carbon steel.

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of the AISI 1010 carbon steel.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 99.18-9.62 %
Manganese, Mn 0.30-0.60 %
Sulfur, S ≤0.050 %
Phosphorous, P ≤0.040 %
Carbon, C 0.080-0.13 %

Physical Properties

The physical properties ofAISI 1010 carbon steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in³

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of AISI 1010 cold drawn carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 365 MPa 52900 psi
Yield strength (depending on temper) 305 MPa 44200 psi
Elastic modulus 190-210 Gpa 27557-30458 ksi
Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80.0 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 20% 20%
Reduction of area 40% 40%
Hardness, Brinell 105 105
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 123 123
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 60 60
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 108 108
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel as 100 machinability. The machinability of group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing) 55 55

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1010 carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@0.000-100°C/32-212°F) 12.2 µm/m°C 6.78 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity (typical for steel) 49.8 W/mK 346 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Other Designations

Equivalent materials to AISI 1010 carbon steel are as follows.

AMS 5050 AMS 5055 AMS 7225 DIN 1.1121 AMS 5040 AMS 5042
ASTM A512 (1010, MT 1010) ASTM A513 (1010, MT 1010) ASTM A519 (1010, MT 1010) ASTM A787 (MT 1010) MIL S-11310 (CS 1010) ASTM A513 Type 2
JIS S12C JIS S1OC JIS S9CK AFNOR XC 10 ASTM A513 Type 3 SAE J414
ASTM A635 ASTM A830 AMS 5044 AMS 5047 AMS 5053 ASTM A108
SAE J1397 ASTM A29 ASTM A510 ASTM A519 ASTM A545 ASTM A549
ASTM A575 ASTM A576 SAE J403 SAE J412

Fabrication and Heat Treatment

Machinability

The machinability of AISI 1010 carbon steel, especially in the cold drawn or cold worked state, is considered as fairly good.

Forming

AISI 1010 carbon steel has good formability and ductility, and can be easily formed using conventional methods.

Welding

AISI 1010 carbon steel can be welded using all the conventional welding techniques.

Heat treatment

AISI 1010 carbon steel is mostly used in the annealed or case hardened condition. However, it can also be heat treated, quenched and tempered but the cost for performing these processes are very high.

Forging

Forging can be performed on AISI 1010 carbon steel between 1260 and 982°C (2300 and 1800°F).

Hot Working

The hot working capacity of AISI 1010 carbon steel is between the ranges of 482 to 93°C (900 to 200°F).

Cold Working

The cold working capacity of AISI 1010 carbon steel is good. In cases where severe cold working is performed stress relief or full anneal has to be performed.

Annealing

A full anneal process can be performed for AISI 1010 carbon steel at 871 to 982°C (1600 to 1800°F), which is followed by slow cooling process in the furnace. A stress relief anneal process can also be done at 538°C (1000°F) and then gradually cooled. AISI 1010 carbon steel in the full annealed condition has a tensile strength of about 45 ksi.

Tempering

Tempering can be performed on AISI 1010 carbon steel, after hardening process is completed, at 316 to 593°C (600 to 1100°F). This depends upon the strength level that is required. When tempering is performed at 538°C (1000 F), the tensile strength will be about 75 ksi.

Hardening

AISI 1010 carbon steel can be hardened by both cold working and heat treatment.

Applications

AISI 1010 carbon steel is primarily used for applications such as cold headed fasteners and bolts.


Date Added: Aug 23, 2012 | Updated: Jun 11, 2013
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