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Researchers Obtain Deeper Insight into Self-Healing Nature of Colloidal Crystals

Researchers Obtain Deeper Insight into Self-Healing Nature of Colloidal Crystals

When an assembly of microgel particles includes one particle that's significantly larger than the rest, that oversized particle spontaneously shrinks to match the size of its smaller neighbors. This self-healing nature of the system allows the microparticles to form defect-free colloidal crystals, an unusual property not seen in systems made up of “hard” particles. [More]
Researchers Provide First Definitive Evidence for Twist-Bend Phase of Liquid Crystals

Researchers Provide First Definitive Evidence for Twist-Bend Phase of Liquid Crystals

Discovered more than 125 years ago, liquid crystals play a significant role in screens of computer monitors and TV, watches, clocks and a variety of other electronics displays. Scientists are still attempting to improve the molecular makeup of these liquid crystals. [More]
UCSB Researchers Identify Specific Defects that Hinder LED Performance

UCSB Researchers Identify Specific Defects that Hinder LED Performance

UCSB researchers have used modern theoretical methods to detect particular defects that hinder the performance of a light-emitting diode (LED). The characterization of such defects present in the LED’s atomic structure could result in the development of longer lasting and more efficient LED lighting. [More]
Researchers Develop Low-Noise Hybrid Pixel Array Detectors

Researchers Develop Low-Noise Hybrid Pixel Array Detectors

The detector group at the Swiss Light Source at PSI has been one of the pioneers in the development of custom-made hybrid pixel array detectors (HPADs) for synchrotron applications. In a paper published recently [Jungmann-Smith et al. (2016). J. Synchrotron Rad. 23, 385-394; doi:10.1107/S1600577515023541], this group shows that it is now possible to develop HPADs with sufficient low noise to allow single-photon detection below 1 keV as well as to perform spectroscopic imaging. A commentary has also been written about the work [Graafsma (2016). J. Synchrotron Rad. 23, 383-384; doi:10.1107/S1600577516002721]. [More]
New 3-D Modeling and Data-Extraction Technique May Transform X-ray Crystallography

New 3-D Modeling and Data-Extraction Technique May Transform X-ray Crystallography

A new 3-D modeling and data-extraction technique is about to transform the field of X-ray crystallography, with potential benefits for both the pharmaceutical industry and structural biology. [More]
Researchers Demonstrate New Method for Making Single Crystals

Researchers Demonstrate New Method for Making Single Crystals

A team of physicists and materials scientists at Lehigh University have developed a new technique to create single crystals, where a broader range of materials can be employed in high-technology applications such as solar energy devices, microelectronics, etc. [More]
First Experimental Observation of Isostructural Solid-Solid Transition at Single-Particle Level

First Experimental Observation of Isostructural Solid-Solid Transition at Single-Particle Level

A solid’s surface usually melts into a thin liquid layer prior to the melting point. This phenomenon of surface melting occurs in all categories of solids: for example, two ice cubes can fuse at a temperature less than 0°C as the premelted surface water is surrounded inside the bulk at the point of contact and is frozen. Premelting promotes crystal growth, and is vital in geology, metallurgy, and meteorology, such as frost heave, snowflake growth, glacier movement, and skating. As there is a lack of microscopic measurements, the causes of several premelting scenarios and the impact of dimensionality on the premelting phenomenon are poorly understood. [More]
Researchers Use Laser Interferometry to Measure Growth Rate of Protein Crystals Onboard the ISS

Researchers Use Laser Interferometry to Measure Growth Rate of Protein Crystals Onboard the ISS

In order to study the effects of microgravity in a better way, Japanese researchers have grown protein crystals and successfully determined the rate of the crystals’ growth onboard the International Space Station (ISS) using laser interferometry. [More]
Surface Premelting Phenomenon Unravelled by Novel Colloidal Crystals

Surface Premelting Phenomenon Unravelled by Novel Colloidal Crystals

Scientists from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) have achieved single-particle resolution, for the first time, in the investigation of surface premelting phenomena. [More]
New Crystal with Unusual Conducting and Insulating Properties Could Hold Key for Future Electronic Technologies

New Crystal with Unusual Conducting and Insulating Properties Could Hold Key for Future Electronic Technologies

Researchers at Princeton University have observed a bizarre behavior in a strange new crystal that could hold the key for future electronic technologies. Unlike most materials in which electrons travel on the surface, in these new materials the electrons sink into the depths of the crystal through special conductive channels. [More]