Polymer Books

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Polymer Books
This book is designed as a practical text for use in the laboratories of the plastic producer and user industries and by others such as universities and institutions who are concerned with problems associated with additives and adventitious impurities in polymers.
This book considers the raw materials used to build the polyurethane polymeric architecture. It covers the chemistry and technology of oligo-polyol fabrication, the characteristics of the various oligo-polyol families and the effects of the oligo-polyol structure on the properties of the resulting polyurethane. It presents the details of oligo-polyol synthesis, and explains the chemical and physico-chemical subtleties of oligo-polyol fabrication.
This comprehensive book provides up-to-date information on the developments in the field of biopolymers. Close attention has been paid to include all the important aspects that are necessary to understand the field.
The design of extrusion forming tools (dies and calibrators) is a difficult task usually performed by the employment of experimental trial-and-error procedures, which can hinder the performance and cost of the tools, may increase the time to market of new extruded products and limit their complexity.
Rosin is an abundantly available natural product composed of around 90% acidic and 10% neutral compounds. Rosin and its derivatives have long been used as tackifiers in adhesives.
The issue of biodamages comprises a wide range of scientific and practical tasks associated with protection of raw materials and products against damage by bacteria, fungi, insects and rodents during long-term storage, production, transportation and operation.
Until now, most of the published research has been scattered throughout the literature. Polymer Nanocomposites by Emulsion and Suspension Polymerization provides a single comprehensive source of information about one of the most important facets of polymer nanocomposites technology: synthesis in emulsion and suspension. These polymerization methods lead to the generation of the well delaminated polymer nanocomposites with a wide range of polymer matrices.
This Handbook reviews the chemistry, manufacturing methods, properties and applications of the synthetic polymer foams used in most applications. In addition, a chapter is included on the fundamental principles, which apply to all polymer foams.
Rotational moulding (also called rotomoulding or rotocasting), is a very competitive alternative low pressure, high temperature manufacturing method to blow moulding, thermoforming and injection moulding for the manufacture of hollow plastic parts.
Over the last twenty years, the field of the chemistry of polymerization witnessed enormous growth through the development of new concepts, catalysts, processes etc.
This book is a companion volume to Rubber Technologists Handbook published in 2001. Written by experts in their respective fields, this handbook discusses the most recent developments in the subject. The ten chapters cover Microscopic Imaging of Rubber Compounds, Intelligent Tyres, Silica-Filled Rubber Compounds, Fibres In The Rubber Industry, Naval and Space Applications of Rubber, Advances in Fillers for the Rubber Industry, Thermoplastic Elastomers by Dynamic Vulcanisation, Polymers In Cable Applications, Durability of Rubber Compounds, and Radiochemical Ageing of Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Monomer
Polymer coated textiles are known as engineered composite materials at macro scale. Coating can offer significant improvements to the substrate, mainly of the physical (like impermeability and fabric abrasion) and/or of overall chemical properties; as well as the appearance, by combining advantages of the components.
The Practical Guide begins with general background to the polyethylene family, with price, production and market share information. It describes the basic types of polyethylene including virgin & filled polyethylene, copolymers, block and graft polymers and composites, and reviews the types of additives used in polyethylene.
The main focus of this book is on the development of electrospun membranes for advanced biomedical technologies including tissue engineering and drug delivery devices.
This book gives an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the state-of-the-art theories and availability of instrumentation needed to effect chemical and physical analysis of polymers. This is supported by approximately 1200 references. The book should be of great interest to all those engaged in the subject in industry, university research.
In today’s world, bioplastics are becoming increasingly prominent owing mainly to scarcity of oil, increase in the cost of petroleum-based commodities, and growing environmental concerns with the dumping of non-biodegradable plastics in landfills.
Four main classes of biodegradable polymers are analysed in this report, polylactic acid (PLA), starch-based polymers, synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as aromatic aliphatic co-polyesters, and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). The report analyses their key performance properties, applications development, market drivers and future prospects. Each product section also contains an estimate of market size by world region and end use market, plus forecasts to 2010.
Biomaterials work in contact with living matter and this gives a number of specific requirements for their surface properties, such as bioinertness or bioactivity, antibiofouling, and so on.
Mixing in Single Screw Extruders is a must-have practical guide to the subject of single-screw extrusion. Avoiding mathematical theory, except when absolutely necessary, this authoritative handbook empowers the reader to achieving good results with their plastic mixing. Mixing in Single Screw Extrusion will be a valuable resource to all involved in the art of plastic extrusion.
Many injection moulding processes produce rejects or scrap, because they depend on a number of variables. To eliminate waste it is necessary to learn how to recognise the variables that cause problems, and then experiment to understand their interdependence.
This book is packed with useful information about polypropylene. Comparisons with other common plastics are also provided, which highlight the advantages of this polyolefin.
Now in its Third Edition, Plastics is the key text for senior students studying the science and engineering of plastic materials. Starting from microstructure and physical properties, the book covers the mechanical, chemical and electrical properties of plastic materials, and also deals in detail with wider plastics issues that today’s engineers and materials scientists need such as manufacturing processes and the design of plastic products.
Electroactive polymers (EAPs) respond to electrical stimulation with large deformations. They are dynamic actuators which have attracted attention from an interdisciplinary audience of engineers and scientists. An enabling EAP technology is emerging which attempts to imitate the properties of natural muscle and which, as a result, can perform a unique function in a variety of biologically-inspired robotics applications.
Update on Mouldable Particle Foam Technology summarises the present status of particle foam technology and how specific challenges have already driven its development. This includes the potential threats to the fire retardants and blowing agents which have been used for many years.
This handbook explores the applications of polymer foams, and the properties that make them suitable for so many applications, in the detail required by postgraduate students, researchers and the many industrial engineers and designers who work with polymer foam in industry. It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis).
The aim of the Polymer Reference Book is to familiarise the reader with all aspects of the techniques used in the examination of polymers, including chemical, physico-chemical and purely physical methods of examination.
The 3rd edition of The Science and Technology of Rubber provides a broad survey of elastomers with special emphasis on materials with a rubber-like elasticity. As in the 2nd edition, the emphasis remains on a unified treatment of the material; exploring topics from the chemical aspects such as elastomer synthesis and curing, through recent theoretical developments and characterization of equilibrium and dynamic properties, to the final applications of rubber, including tire engineering and manufacturing.
This book provides design engineers, toolmakers, moulding technicians and production engineers with an in depth guide to the design and manufacture of mould tools that work successfully in production. It highlights the necessity to design a mould tool that allows overall production to make an acceptable profit, and whilst it is recognised that not all design engineers will be able to influence the profitability factor it is an important aspect to consider.
This Rapra Handbook is intended to provide an insight into the uses of polymers within the construction industry. It describes the conception of polymer-modified cementitious materials through to the array of polymer-based or polymer-modified material utilised in modern day construction.
Since the beginning of the rubber and plastics industries, an essential requirement has been that the materials and the products are tested for quality control, to establish their fitness for purpose and to provide design data. 50 Years of Polymer Testing gives a unique personal account of the developments in the technology of physical testing of polymers and of the changes in the working environment in which testing was conducted over the last fifty years.
Rapra's Practical Guide to PVC is packed with information for everyone working with PVC. It provides comprehensive background on the resins and additives, their properties and processing characteristics, as well as discussion of product design and development issues.
This book discusses and defines the different methods of budgeting, costing and estimating that are normally used within the injection moulding industry. In order to establish the costing system, the operating costs first have to be identified and quantified by means of a budget. Based on the budget, a costing system can then be developed that can be applied to determine the manufacturing cost of each product a company manufactures.
This book offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on material and product performance.
This report seeks to provide an overall picture of the varied use of polymers in the manufacture of electronic components. It has endeavoured to identify trends and future movements of the market.
This book presents the available information on the eternal triangle of plastics and rubber and health, to enable a better understanding of the facts.
With the emergence of new therapies for diseases which affect vital organs either partially or as a whole, the complexity of the parameter interaction and the variety of new discoveries opens many possibilities to implement these proposals into clinical use.
This book reviews the various thermal methods used for the characterisation of polymer properties and composition. All these methods study the properties of polymers as they change with temperature.
Hydrogenated Nitrile Butadiene Rubber (HNBR) is a synthetic polymer that results from the hydrogenation of Nitrile Rubber (NBR). It is widely known for its physical strength and retention of properties after long-term exposure to heat, oil, and chemicals.
This book will be useful to all those who are already involved in the testing of polymers and it is an ideal guide to those just starting out in the field, whether in academia or industry.
This book discusses the physical rather than the chemical examination of the properties of polymers on the basis of the type of equipment used, examples of the applications of these techniques are given.
This book considers the history of plasticised PVC in medical applications and the manufacturing and processing of plasticised PVC together with its properties are reviewed. The selection of plasticisers is a particular focus. In Chapters 4 and 5, and the blood compatibility of plasticised PVC is examined, based on the most recent information.
This handbook offers concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to the areas of physical chemistry and chemical physics. In the second edition of Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook, each chapter has been extensively updated and revised.
Multiphase polymeric systems include a wide range of materials such as composites, blends, alloys, gels, and interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). A one-stop reference on multiphase polymer systems, this book fully covers the preparation, properties, and applications of advanced multiphase systems from macro to nano scales.
In order to build new infrastructure and to build new structures, advanced fibre-reinforced polymer composites have become essential materials.
In recent years numerous research papers have been published on the changes in chemical structure and in physical properties of polymers when they are exposed to heat over a range of temperatures.
The book deals with the modelling of steady state and non-steady state basic processes of fibre formation and fibre processing. Focal points are melt spinning processes (polymers and glass, drawing, spunbonded nonwoven), spun yarn spinning processes (drafting, carding) and the description of the dynamics in different process steps during the fibre processing (fibre transport, fibre heating and cooling, false twist texturing).
Polyurethanes are one of the most versatile and exciting materials of the plastics family.
Food Contact Materials - Rubbers, Silicones, Coatings and Inks, is an amalgamation of data from four recent projects. This report provides a wealth of information taken from the results and findings of research projects on: Migration Data of Food Contact Rubbers (Two projects), Rubber Breakdown Products, Chemical Migration from Silicones used in Connection with Food Contact Materials and Articles and An Assessment of the Potential of Migration of Substances from Inks and their Respective Coatings.
The rapid development of polymer electronics has revealed the possibility for transforming the electronics market by offering lighter, flexible and more cost effective alternatives to conventional materials and products. With applications ranging from printed, flexible conductors and novel semiconductor components to intelligent labels and large area displays and solar panels, products that were previously unimaginable are now beginning to be commercialised.
Among the various natural polymer-based gene delivery vectors, chitosan is the most prominent. As a biocompatible, biodegradable, nontoxic and easily modifiable material, chitosan has been widely researched for a variety of biomedical applications such as wound healing, drug/gene delivery systems, implant coatings and tissue engineering/regeneration.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have amazing properties and a key way to take advantage of this is by incorporating nanotubes into a matrix to build composite materials. The best candidates for this task are undoubtedly polymers.
Handbook of Thermoset Resins is intended to be a self-sufficient guide dedicated to "thermoset resins", an important class of polymer materials. Handbook of Thermoset Resins begins with a general introduction to thermoset and is ended with thermoset nanocomposites, a subject of current interest. Use this to make a knowledge-base in the subject OR to plan future research works.
Thermal analysis is a group of techniques in which a physical property of a substance is measured as a function of temperature, while the substance is subjected to a controlled temperature programme. In differential thermal analysis, the temperature difference that develops between a sample and an inert reference material is measured, when both are subjected to identical heat treatments. The related technique of differential scanning calorimetry relies on differences in energy required to maintain the sample and reference at an identical temperature.
With its balanced presentation of polymer chemistry, physics, and engineering applications, the Third Edition of this classic text continues to instill readers with a solid understanding of the core concepts underlying polymeric materials.
Latex-based technology forms a sizable fraction of natural and synthetic rubber technology and an introduction to the important technologies is beneficial to all practicing technical personnel.
A complete new edition on ferroelectrics, Landolt-Börnstein volume III/36, is required by the growing number of publications and increasing amount of valuable data after the publication of volume III/16 (1981) and its supplement III/28 (1990). As the range of the compiled data is very extensive, volume III/36 is divided into three subvolumes titled III/36A Oxides, III/36B Inorganic substances other than oxides, III/36C Organic crystals, liquid crystals and polymers. Subvolume III/36C on organic crystals, liquid crystals and polymers is presented herewith.
The so-called HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) acronym is well known in the food industry in relation to the management of microbiological, chemical and physical risks. With relation to HACCP risks, packaging materials should be studied and recognised as one of key factors affecting food safety.
In the last decade, gold nanoparticles have provided a suitable platform for the development of novel and efficient diagnostic and therapeutic tools, which avoid the typical drawbacks of the old systems.
This book describes advances in synthesis, processing, and technology of environmentally friendly polymers generated from renewable resources.
The ultimate materials engineering text and resource: world class authors; design led-approach, broader scope than other texts; to a level of detail that is appropriate for undergraduate courses; innovative visually lead presentation without any loss of academic rigor or detail; fully linked with the leading materials software package, as used in over 500 engineering departments.
Nitrogen oxides are common by-products of fossil fuel combustion and are one of the most significant types of air pollution. The nitric oxides react with UV radiation to form oxides of nitrogen, ozone and acids. The nitrogen oxides can have considerable impact of the life of polymers in the environment and can be responsible for failure of polymer products, so it is important to know how these effects will manifest.
In the context of polymer crystallization there are several still open and often controversially debated questions. The present volume addresses issues such as novel general views and concepts which help to advance our understanding of polymer crystallisation, nucleation phenomena, long living melt structures affecting crystallization, confinement effects on crystallization, crystallization in flowing melts, fluid mobility restrictions caused by crystallites, the role of mesophases in the crystal formation and presents new ideas in a connected and accessible way. The intention is thus not only to provide a summary of the present state of the art to all active works but to provide an entry point to newcomer and graduate students entering the field.
This book is designed to help current and prospective researchers in this field, understand the theory of food safety in plastic packaging.
This book provides straightforward information on plastic materials and technology, including the options for recycling plastics, with special focus on mechanical recycling.
Rapra's Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable polymers and is ideal for those new to the subject or those wanting to supplement their existing knowledge.
Introducing the new 'Classic Rapra Reprint' Series. Mixing of Rubber is the first book in a series of Classic Rapra Reprints. We have searched our previously published and successful reference books, and found some real gems! The content is sure to be of interest to those in the Rubber Mixing Industry, both new to industry and those more experience, all will benefit...
Introduction to Polymer Analysis gives an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of polymer analysis and, as such, will be of great interest to all those engaged in this subject in industry, university research establishment and general education. It is also intended for undergraduate and graduate chemistry students and those taking courses in plastics technology, engineering chemistry, materials science and industrial chemistry.
This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. Composites are used in almost every conceivable application, although the high flammability and poor fire resistance of these materials remains a critical issue.
Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams.
Polymers are one of the most applicable and clinically relevant materials for constructing nanomedical systems. These systems are expected to have a future in the clinic; nanomedical constructs will have wide implications for how we treat and diagnose society's most complex diseases, such as cancer, inflammation and genetic disorders.
There are many potential sources for problems in thermoforming and it is often hard to recognise the source of the problem to trouble shoot. Update on Troubleshooting in Thermoforming provides an insight into the problems occurring during production and offers detailed remedies in terms of the sheet to be thermoformed and its basic compound. It examines the different types of surface defects, how to identify them and ways to resolve them.
The intentional application of ozone promotes invention and development of novel and improvement of well known methods for its generation and analysis, means and methods for its more effective application. A number of laboratory and industrial methods for its synthesis have been proposed and are discussed in Ozonation of Organic and Polymer Compounds.