Stainless Steel - Martensitic - 1.4021 Bar Properties, Applications and Fabrication

Stainless steel 1.4021 is a martensitic machining bar with machinability improved with the addition of Sulphur. The Sulphur also lowers weldability, corrosion resistance, and formability to below that of its non-free machining equivalent Grade 410.

Martensitic stainless steels are designed for high hardness, and other properties are compromised to an extent. Their functional operating temperature range is restricted by their loss of ductility at sub-zero temperatures, and loss of strength by over-tempering at high temperatures.

Alloy designations of 1.4021 is similar, but it may not be a direct equivalent to: 420, UNS42000, 1.4021, 1.4024, 1.4028, 1.4029, 1.4030, and 1.4034. It is supplied in the form of a bar.

Corrosion resistance is lower than the common austenitic grades. It offers resistance to fresh water, dry atmospheres, and mild alkalies and acids; however, the resistant is lower than equivalent non-free-machining grades. High Sulphur content free machining grades - such as 416 - are not suitable for chloride exposure or in marine condition.

Maximum corrosion resistance can be achieved in the hardened condition with a smooth surface finish. The steel has a fair heat resistance to scaling in intermittent service up to 760°C, and up to 675°C in continuous service. It is not recommended for use in temperatures exceeding the relevant tempering temperature.

Chemical Composition

1.4021 Steel EN 10088-3:2005
Chemical Element % Present
Carbon (C) 0.16 - 0.25
Chromium (Cr) 12.00 - 14.00
Manganese (Mn) 0.0 - 1.50
Silicon (Si) 0.0 - 1.00
Phosphorous (P) 0.0 - 0.04
Sulphur (S) 0.0 - 0.03
Iron (Fe) Balance

Properties

Physical Property Value
Density 7.75 g/cm³
Thermal Expansion 10.3 x10^-6 /K
Modulus of Elasticity 200 GPa
Thermal Conductivity 24.9 W/m.K
Electrical Resistivity 0.055 x10^-6 Ω .m
Bar - Up to 160mm Dia/Thickness EN 10088-3:2005
Mechanical Property Value
Proof Stress 500 - 600 MPa
Tensile Strength 700 - 950 MPa
Elongation A 12 - 13 %

Fabrication

Fabrication must be carried out by methods that allow for poor weldability, as well as for a final harden and temper heat treatment.

Cold working – It is not recommended, It is only suitable for minor deformation. Cracking will occur due to severe deformation.

Hot working - Hot working processes should be carried out after uniform heating to 2100-2250°F (1149-1232°C). Hot working below 1700°F (927°C) could result in cracking.

Machinability - Grade 420 offers very good machinability, the highest of any of the commonly available stainless steels. It is achieved best in sub-critical annealed condition.

Weldability - Grade 420 has poor weldability. It can be pre-heated to 150-320°C and post-heated at 610-760°C. Grade 420 coated welding rods can be used for high strength joints, where a post-weld hardening and tempering heat treatment can be carried out. If parts need to used in the "as welded" condition, a ductile joint can be made using Grade 309 filler rod or electrodes.

Applications

The main areas of applications include:

  • Automatic screw machined parts
  • Valve parts
  • Pump shafts
  • Studs
  • Gears
  • Motor shafts
  • Bolts and nuts
  • Shear blades
  • Cutlery blades
  • Surgical Instruments
  • Washing machine parts

This information has been sourced, reviewed and adapted from materials provided by Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist.

For more information on this source, please visit Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist. (2019, June 27). Stainless Steel - Martensitic - 1.4021 Bar Properties, Applications and Fabrication. AZoM. Retrieved on October 16, 2019 from https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12574.

  • MLA

    Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist. "Stainless Steel - Martensitic - 1.4021 Bar Properties, Applications and Fabrication". AZoM. 16 October 2019. <https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12574>.

  • Chicago

    Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist. "Stainless Steel - Martensitic - 1.4021 Bar Properties, Applications and Fabrication". AZoM. https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12574. (accessed October 16, 2019).

  • Harvard

    Aalco - Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Stockist. 2019. Stainless Steel - Martensitic - 1.4021 Bar Properties, Applications and Fabrication. AZoM, viewed 16 October 2019, https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12574.

Ask A Question

Do you have a question you'd like to ask regarding this article?

Leave your feedback
Submit