X-ray optics refers to scientific imaging techniques that involve the use of X-rays instead of visible light. X-rays have much shorter wavelengths than visible light, which makes them useful for creating images of very small items.
X-ray optics components are an essential a part of X-ray microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray spectroscopy. X-ray windows are used in the analysis of elements with a low atomic number, like carbon and boron. X-ray mirrors can focus X-rays over a wide energy band.
X-ray lenses focus an X-ray beam into an as small as possible location on the exterior of the sample to be tested. X-ray detectors gauge the flux, spatial distribution and other properties of X-rays. X-ray sources generate light with very short wavelengths.