Automatic Oil Viscosity Analyzer - Accurate and Repeatable Testing Using the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer

The Spectro-Visc is a bench-top semi-automatic kinematic temperature bath viscometer optimized for the analysis of used and new lubricants. It conforms to the requirements in ASTM D445, D446, D7279, IP 71 and ISO 3104. It is also the ideal system for used oil analysis laboratories that need to test a wide range of lubricant viscosities.

Benefits and Features of the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer

The benefits and features of the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer is outline in the following:

  • Viscosity analysis of used oil provides an early warning of lubricant degradation and contamination
  • Compliant with requirements for ASTM D 445, D 7279 and related specifications.
  • High throughput – up to 60 samples per hour to ASTM precision.
  • Small sample volume – 0.3 to 0.6 ml.
  • Low solvent consumption – 2.5 ml per sample.
  • Extremely easy to use.
  • Automatic flow time measurement.
  • Fully automatic cleaning and drying.
  • Fast, easy tube replacement, no need to drain bath.
  • Single or dual solvent injection system.
  • No PC required for system to operate.
  • Optional dual measurement capability.

Performance Testing of the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer in Oil Analysis

In order to maximize sample throughput, used oil analysis laboratories often reduce run times for viscosity measurements. In this application note, viscosity standards and a used oil sample were analyzed on the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer in order to demonstrate performance at reduced run times in the following circumstances:

  • Short-Term Repeatability and Accuracy of Viscosity Standards
  • Long-Term Repeatability and Accuracy of Viscosity Standards
  • Repeatability on a Used Oil Sample

Repeatability and Accuracy Tests of the Spectro-Visc Automatic Viscometer in Oil Analysis

The viscosity standards listed below were used for the Spectro-Visc repeatability and accuracy tests. All the standards used meet the precision specifications of ASTM D 445/446 and ISO 3104/3105, and are traceable to the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). Ten analyses were made in each part of the test.

Table 1. List of viscosity standards

Viscosity Standard

Viscosity at 40°C

Viscosity at 100°C

N35

32.01 cSt

N/A

N100

97.21 cSt

11.04 cSt

N350

312 cSt

23.84 cSt

Short-Term Repeatability and Accuracy on N35, N100, and N350 Viscosity Standards

Ten analyses were made with each viscosity standard and the mean, standard deviation and relative standard deviations were calculated.

Table 2. N35 Standard Using Nominal 0.5k Tube

N35 Standard Using Nominal 0.5k Tube
Cannon N35 Viscosity at 40°C = 32.01 cSt

Trial

Kinematic Viscosity (cSt)

Run Time (s)

1

31.98

63.849

2

31.98

63.844

3

31.98

63.854

4

31.98

63.844

5

31.98

63.849

6

31.97

63.839

7

31.98

63.849

8

31.96

63.819

9

31.98

63.844

10

31.99

63.864

Mean

31.98

 

SD

0.007888

 

RSD %

0.02467

 

Table 3. N100 Standard Using Nominal 0.5k Tube, Calibrated with N350

N100 Standard Using Nominal 0.5k Tube, Calibrated with N350
Cannon N100 Viscosity at 40°C = 97.21 cSt

Trial

Kinematic Viscosity (cSt)

Run Time (s)

1

97.35

18.183

2

97.62

18.233

3

97.59

18.228

4

97.59

18.228

5

97.59

18.228

6

97.54

18.218

7

97.57

18.223

8

97.59

18.228

9

97.62

18.233

10

97.62

18.223

Mean

97.57

 

SD

0.08053

 

RSD %

0.08253

 

Table 4. Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube, N350 Standard on 5 Tube

Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube, N350 Standard on 5 Tube
Cannon N350 Viscosity at 40°C = 312 cSt

Trial

Kinematic Viscosity (cSt)

Run Time (s)

1

312.0

58.349

2

312.0

58.334

3

311.7

58.284

4

311.7

58.284

5

311.4

58.234

6

311.7

58.279

7

311.8

58.299

8

311.9

58.319

9

312.0

58.339

10

311.9

58.324

Mean

311.8

 

SD

0.1912

 

RSD %

0.06132

 

Spectro-Visc repeatability and accuracy is excellent at reduced run times as can be seen from the above analyses of the N35, N100 and N350 viscosity standards. Repeatability at these reduced run times still exceeds the repeatability requirements of D445 for formulated oils.

Long-Term Repeatability and Accuracy of Viscosity Standards

The test as performed in Part A for the N35 viscosity standard was repeated two hours later using the same N35 viscosity standard. As can be seen by comparing the data, the long-term accuracy is excellent.

Table 5. N35 Standard Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube

N35 Standard Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube
Cannon N35 Viscosity at 40°C = 32.01 cSt

Trial

Kinematic Viscosity (cSt)

Run Time (s)

1

32.01

65.733

2

32.00

65.703

3

31.91

65.528

4

31.99

65.698

5

31.98

65.663

6

31.92

65.538

7

31.95

65.598

8

3198

65.678

9

31.86

65.418

10

31.94

65.583

Mean

31.95

 

SD

0.04719

 

RSD %

0.1477

 

Repeatability of a Used Oil Sample

Although still very good, the repeatability on a used oil sample is not quite as good as on a viscosity standard. This is to be expected since by definition, a used oil sample may contain particulates and is seldom completely homogeneous.

Table 6. Used Diesel Oil 15W-40 Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube

Used Diesel Oil 15W-40 Using Nomianl 0.5k Tube
Measured at 40°C

Trial

Kinematic Viscosity (cSt)

Run Time (s)

1

85.55

15.978

2

85.55

15.978

3

85.79

16.023

4

85.76

16.018

5

85.79

16.023

6

85.55

15.978

7

85.79

16.023

8

85.65

15.998

9

85.60

15.988

10

85.55

15.978

Mean

85.66

 

SD

0.1119

 

RSD %

0.1307

 

Summary

The repeatability and accuracy of the Spectro-Visc is excellent even when run times are reduced to increase sample throughput in used oil analysis applications.

Spectro Scientific

This information has been sourced, reviewed and adapted from materials provided by AMETEK Spectro Scientific.

For more information on this source, please visit AMETEK Spectro Scientific.

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Comments

  1. محمد حماد محمد حماد Lebanon says:

    can it be used to check the viscosity of car engine if their is any other or more additives

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