American Superconductor Corporation, Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) today celebrated the commissioning of the world’s first high temperature superconductor (HTS) power transmission cable system in a commercial power grid. The 138,000 volt (138 kV) system, which consists of three individual HTS power cable phases running in parallel, was energized on April 22, 2008 and is operating successfully in LIPA’s Holbrook transmission right of way. A ceremony is being held today to commemorate the completion of the first phase and kick off the second phase of the project.
“Long Island Power Authority has a strong interest in the development of superconductor technologies and is the first utility in the world to commission an HTS power transmission cable system,” said LIPA President and Chief Executive Officer Kevin Law. “We view superconductor power cables as an important option in our technology portfolio that will help us further enhance the reliability of our grid as we meet our customers’ increasing demands for electric power.”
The HTS cable system installed in LIPA’s power grid contains hair-thin, ribbon-shaped HTS wires that conduct 150 times the electricity of similar sized copper wires. This power density advantage enables transmission-voltage HTS cables to utilize far less wire and yet conduct up to five times more power – in a smaller right of way – than traditional copper-based cables. When operated at full capacity, the HTS cable system is capable of transmitting up to 574 megawatts (MW) of electricity, enough to power 300,000 homes.
The Department of Energy (DOE) previously funded $27.5 million of the $58.5 million total project cost, which advances the Department’s ongoing efforts, through the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, to modernize the Nation’s electricity delivery infrastructure. HTS power cables are envisioned by the DOE as a component of a modern electricity superhighway – one that is free of bottlenecks and can readily transmit power to customers from remote generation sites, such as wind farms.
“Innovative solutions such as this project are fundamental to the modernization of the nation’s electricity infrastructure,” said Kevin M. Kolevar, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. “We are pleased to support the development and deployment of this promising technology, which is advancing the Bush Administration's efforts to ensure that America continues to have access to readily available, reliable power.”
LIPA’s installation, which is the longest and most powerful superconductor cable system in the world, includes three phases connected through six outdoor terminations. It was designed, manufactured and installed by Nexans, the worldwide leader in the cable industry. The cable cores utilize HTS wires produced by AMSC, which also is the prime contractor for the project. The liquid nitrogen refrigeration system was manufactured by Air Liquide, the global leader in industrial and medical gases. Three 2,000-foot-long vacuum-insulated flexible cryostats provide high-quality thermal insulation maintaining the cable cores at cryogenic temperature.
“Nexans remains committed to providing the electric utility industry with advanced technologies, and HTS power cables are among our most promising offerings,” said Pascal Portevin, Chief Corporate Officer in charge of Strategic Operations, Nexans. “The unique ability of superconductor cables to deliver large amounts of power through small corridors offers a key solution for congested urban and metropolitan power grids. The success of Phase I of this project shows we are clearly ready to deploy HTS cables more broadly in utility power grids.”
“We are delighted to be a part of this important project and the advancement of superconductor technologies for the electric utility industry,” said Michael Smith, President, Air Liquide Advanced Technologies U.S. LLC. “Superconductor power cables provide the advanced technology needed to meet the world’s rapidly rising power demands, and we are pleased to have been chosen to provide the critical, sophisticated cryogenic refrigeration technology that produces the operating temperatures required for successful grid application.”
LIPA Phase II Commences
AMSC is leading the development of an extension of LIPA’s HTS cable system. The new project calls for the replacement of one of the existing HTS cable system’s phases with a 600-meter-long cable made with AMSC’s proprietary 344 superconductors, the company’s brand name for what is generically known as second generation, or “2G” HTS wire. The cable system will also incorporate Secure Super Grids™ technology.
Introduced by AMSC in May 2007, Secure Super Grids is a system-level solution that utilizes customized 2G HTS wires, HTS power cables and ancillary controls to deliver more power through the grid and suppress power surges that can disrupt service. AMSC is leading a separate, parallel project to demonstrate and deploy the first distribution-voltage (13kV) Secure Super Grid solution in the power network of Consolidated Edison in midtown Manhattan.
“The response to our Secure Super Grids solution since its launch in May 2007 has been tremendous,” said AMSC founder and Chief Executive Officer Greg Yurek. “Utilities worldwide are seeking ways to relieve choke points and instantly suppress power surges in their grids, and Secure Super Grids accomplishes both goals simultaneously.”
Secure Super Grids utilize multiple paths for electricity flow in metropolitan power grids to ensure system reliability when individual circuits are disrupted due to severe weather, traffic accidents or willful destruction. In addition, they utilize the special properties of AMSC’s 344 superconductors to not only relieve grid congestion, but also instantly suppress power surges that often damage utility equipment and disrupt customer service.
In addition to being the manager for this turnkey project, AMSC will supply approximately 60,000 meters of its second generation HTS wire known as “344 superconductors,” needed to manufacture the power cable. As was the case in the original LIPA cable project, AMSC has chosen Nexans as the cable manufacturer and Air Liquide as the provider of the cryogenics system. Apart from being the world’s first transmission-voltage cable system powered by 2G HTS wire, AMSC and its project partners will be developing new repairable cryostat and cable joining technology and a low-cost, reliable and efficient refrigeration system.
The DOE, through its National Energy Technology Laboratory, is expected to provide AMSC with $4 million in federal funding through completion of its first project budget period, expected to end in September 2008. Upon successful completion of key project milestones and sustained execution of a viable business strategy, as much as $5 million in additional DOE funding may be made available for continued implementation of this two-and-a-half-year project through March 2010, subject to availability of funds appropriated by the U.S. Congress.