Adhesives - Use of Adhesively Bonded Patches for In-Situ Pipeline Repair

Topics Covered

The Scenario

Available Options

What Was Done

Cavities

Holes

Benefits

Implications

The Scenario

As a result of in-service external corrosion, a steel water pipeline was suffering from loss of wall thickness, with leaks in some areas. A cost effective repair method was required, as the water company did not wish to replace the pipeline.

Available Options

•        cut out grossly corroded sections, replace with patches or new pipe lengths, and repair by welding on site (expensive, long installation downtime);

•        use adhesive bonding to repair cavities and holes in the pipeline.

What Was Done

Two types of adhesive bonding approach were considered:

•        to fill up the cavities and restore the external surface;

•        to repair holes of up to 5 mm in diameter.

Cavities

The procedure adopted was to degrease the damaged surfaces using a trichloroethene product, abrade, and then fill with a mastic compound such as Araldite 64257, hardener HY 850 and silica filler. A similar approach was used to rebuild the external coating, except that the epoxy was reinforced with layers of glass fibre chopped strand mat.

Holes

Both the corroded area and a steel patch (200 x 200 x 2 mm) were cleaned and degreased. Priming and anticorrosion treatment was applied and a patch bonded in place using epoxy adhesive. The patches were held in position by a series of metal straps until the cure was complete.

Benefits

Satisfactory pipeline performance was obtained by use of the above adhesive repair method. Complete replacement of the pipeline was avoided.

Implications

Provided resistance to humidity is achieved, the use of adhesive repairs is attractive for this type of application.

 

Primary author: Gareth McGrath

Source: Materials Information Service, edited by Justin Furness

 

For more information on Materials Information Service please visit The Institute of Materials.

 

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