AISI 1016 Carbon Steel (UNS G10160)

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations
Applications

Introduction

Carbon steels are steels that contain carbon as their main alloying element. Traces of 0.4% silicon and 1.2% manganese can also be found in these steels. Carbon steels also contain small quantities of copper, nickel, molybdenum, aluminium and chromium.

The following datasheet provides an overview of AISI 1016 carbon steel.

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of AISI 1016 carbon steel is outlined in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 98.13-99.58
Manganese, Mn 0.60-0.90
Carbon, C 0.12-0.18
Sulfur, S ≤ 0.050
Phosphorous, P ≤ 0.040

Physical Properties

The following table shows the physical properties of AISI 1016 carbon steel.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in³

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of cold drawn AISI 1016 carbon steel are displayed in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 420 MPa 60900 psi
Yield strength 350 MPa 50800 psi
Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80.0 GPa 11600 ksi
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi
Poisson's ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break (In 50 mm) 18.00% 18.00%
Reduction of area 40.00% 40.00%
Hardness, Brinell 121 121
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 140 140
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 68 68
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 126 126
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel as 100 machinability. The machinability of Group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing.) 70 70

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1016 carbon steel are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal conductivity (estimated based on similar materials) 51.9 W/mK 360 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Other Designations

Equivalent materials to AISI 1016 carbon steel are given in the following table.

ASTM A108 ASTM A29 ASTM A510 ASTM A513
ASTM A548 ASTM A549 ASTM A576 ASTM A659
SAE J403 SAE J412 SAE J414 ASTM A545
MIL SPEC MIL-S-866

Applications

AISI 1016 carbon steel is used in cold forming operations such as extrusion, heading and upsetting.

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