Welding - Joining Process Guide for Welding of Metals of Varying Thicknesses

The following table represents a guide (only) to the suitability of various welding techniques for the joining of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys of varying thicknesses. Further information should be sought for the joining of specific metals of specific thicknesses.

A legend for abbreviations used in the table is provided below.

Material

Th

S
M
A
W

S
A
w

G
M
A
W

F
C
A
W

G
T
A
W

P
A
W

E
S
w

E
G
W

R
W

F
W

O
F
W

D
F
W

F
R
W

E
B
W

L
B
W

Carbon

Steel

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low

Alloy

Steel

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stainless

Steel

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cast

Iron

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nickel &

Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aluminium
& Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Titanium
& Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copper &

Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnesium

& Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refractory

Alloys

S

I

M

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thickness:

S
I
M
T

Sheet up to 3mm
3-6mm
6-19mm
>19mm

Welding Processes

SMAW
SAW
GMAW
FCAW
GTAW
PAW
ESW
EGW
RW
FW
OFW
DPW
FRW
EBW
LBW

Shielded Metal Arc Welding
Submerged Arc Welding
Gas Metal Arc Welding
Flux Cored Arc Welding
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
Plasma Arc Welding
Electroslag Welding
Electro Gas Welding
Resistance Welding
Flash Welding
Oxyfuel Gas Welding
Diffusion Welding
Friction Welding
Electron Beam Welding
Laser Beam Welding

 

Source: Engineering Materials Handbook, 5th Edition

 

For more information on this source please visit The Institute of Materials Engineering Australasia.

 

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