Unified Numbering System for Ferrous Metals and Alloys

The Unified Numbering System (UNS) for Metals and Alloys is established to correlate several internationally used alloy and metal numbering systems, which are now commonly used by trade associations, societies and producers and users of alloys and metals. This system does not create the confusion caused due to usage of previous sysyems that used the same number for different metals or alloys or different identification numbers for the the same metal or alloy. The UNS system can be mainly used for maintaining record, efficient indexing, cross-referencing and storing and retrieving data.

CA-UNS designation is a unified identifier of an alloy or a metal. The controlling limits for the alloys and metals have been identified in specifications. Since it avoids the need for form, property, quality or condition, it is not itself a specification.

The UNS constitutes nine series of designations for ferrous metals and alloys. Each designation includes a single-letter prefix and five digits. The letter is identified from the family of metals in many cases, for example, T for tool steel, F for cast irons and S for stainless steels.

Few digits in certain UNS designation family have specific assigned meanings. Each series of UNS designations is independent from each other with respect to the importance of digits, thus eliminating the lengthy and complicated UNS designations and achieving better flexibility.

The identification numbers identified from the existing systems are integrated into the UNS designations in order to ensure user convenience, for example, carbon steel identified by the American Iron and Steel Institute is designated as AISI 1020 and covered by the UNS designation as G10200.

The trade associations had initially used their own designation systems for alloys and metals, but now they have established UNS designation assignments for some of the metals and alloys. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) is in charge of these assignments. The assigners are responsible for assigning specific UNS series of designations, and also consider the request regarding the assignment of new UNS designations. The assigners inform the applicants regarding the action taken against the assignment. The UNS designation assigners immediately report the details of the new assignments to the office of the UNS for Metals and Alloys in order to include these details into the UNS system.

Table 1 shows that the listed cross-referenced specifications are representative only and are not necessarily a complete list of specifications applicable to a particular UNS designation.

Table 1. UNS designations for ferrous metals and alloys.

D00001-D99999 Steels with specified mechanical properties
D40450-D40900 Carbon Steels
D50400-D52101 Alloy Steels Casting
F00001-F99999 Cast irons
F 10001-F15501 Cast Iron, Gray
F 10090-F10920 Cast Iron Welding Filler Metal
F 20000-F22400 Cast Iron, Malleable
F 22830-F26230 Cast Iron, Pearlitic Malleable
F 30000-F36200 Cast Iron, Ductile (Nodular)
F 41000-F41007 Cast Iron, Gray, Austenitic
F 43000- F43030 Cast Iron, Ductile (Nodular), Austenitic
F45000 F 45009 Cast Iron, White
F47001-F47006 Cast Iron, Corrosion
G00001-G99999 AISI and SAE carbon and alloy steels (except tool steels)
G10050-G10950 Carbon Steel
G15130-G15900 Carbon Steel
G11080-G11510 Resulfurized Carbon Steel
G12110-G12150 Rephosphorized and Resulfurized Carbon Steel
G13300-G13450 Mn Alloy Steel
G40120-G48200 Mo Alloy Steel, Cr-Mo Alloy Steel, Ni-Cr-Mo Alloy Steel, Ni-Mo Alloy Steel
G81150-G88220 Ni-Cr-Mo Alloy Steel
G50150-G52986 Cr Alloy Steel, Cr-B Alloy Steel
G61180-G61500 Cr-V Alloy Steel
G92540-G98500 Cr-Si Alloy Steel, Si-Mn Alloy Steel, Cr-S-Mn Alloy Steel, Ni-Cr-Mo Alloy Steel, Ni-Cr-Mo-B Alloy Steel
H00001-H99999 AISI and SAE H-steels
H10380-H15621 H-Carbon Steel, C-Mn H-Alloy Steel, C-B H Carbon Steel, Mn H-Carbon Steel, B- Mn H -Carbon Steel
H40270-H48200 C-Mo H-Alloy Steel, Cr-Mo H-Alloy Steel Ni-Mo H-Alloy Steel
H50401-H51601 C-Cr-B H-Alloy Steel, C-Cr H-Alloy Steel
H61180-H61500 Cr-V H-Alloy Steel
H81451-H94301 Ni-Cr-Mo H-Alloy Steel
J00001-J99999 Cast steels (except tool steels)
J01700-J05003 Carbon Steel Casting
J11442-J84090 Alloy Steel Casting
J91100-J92001 Austenitic Manganese Steel Casting, Alloy Steel Casting
J92110-J93000 Alloy Steel Casting Precipitation Hardening, Alloy Steel Casting, Cast Cr-Ni-Mo Stainless Steel, Cast Cr-Ni Stainless Steel, Cast Cr-Mn-Ni-Si-N Stainless Steel
J93001-J95705 Stainless Steel Casting, Cast Cr-Ni-Mo Stainless Steel, Alloy Steel Casting, Maraging Cast Ferritic-Austenic Stainless Steel, Duplex Alloy Steel Casting, Alloy Steel Casting
K00001-K99999 Miscellaneous steels and ferrous alloys
K00040-K08500 Carbon Steel, Carbon Steel with Special Magnetic Properties, Steel Welding Rod, Enameling Steel
K10614-K52440 Alloy Steel, Alloy Steel Electrode and Welding Wire, High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel
K90901-K95000 Alloy Steel, Superstrength; Ferritic Cr-Mo-V Steel; Manganese Steel, Nonmagnetic; Ni-Co Steel Welding Wire; Iron, Electrical Heating Element Alloy; Iron Thermostat Alloy; Martensitic Age-Hardenable Alloy; Maraging Alloy; Fe-Co Soft Magnetic Alloy; Nickel Steel; Invar; Iron, Nickel Sealing Alloy; etc.
S00001-S99999 Heat and corrosion resistant steels (stainless), valve steels, iron-base "super alloys"
S13800-S17780 Precipitation Hardenable Cr-Ni-Al-Mo-(Cu, Ti) Stainless Steels
S20100-S39000 Austenitic Cr-Mn-Ni (Si,Mo,Cu,Al) Stainless Steel; Thermal Spray Wire; Austenitic Cr-Mn-Ni Stainless Steel and Welding Filler Metal; Austenitic Cr-Ni Heat Resisting Steel and Welding Filler Metal; Precipitation Hardenable Cr-Ni-(Si, Ti, Mo, Al) Stainless Steel, etc.
S40300-S46800 Martensitic Cr Stainless Steel; Ferritic Cr Stainless Steel with Ti or Ni or Mo; Martensitic Cr-Ni-Mo Stainless Steel; Hardenable Cr Stainless Steel
S50100-S50500 Cr Heat Resisting Steels and Filler Metal
S63005-S64007 Valve Steel
S65006-S65007 Valve Steel
S65150-S67956 Iron Base Super alloy
T00001-T99999 Tool steels, wrought and cast
T11301-T12015 High-Speed Tool Steels
T20810-T20843 Hot-Work Tool Steels
T30102-T 30407 Cold Work Tool Steels
T31501-S31507 Oil-Hardening Steels
T41901-T41907 Shock-Resisting Tool Steels
T51602-T51621 Mold Steels
T60601-T60602 C-W Tool Steels
T61202-T61206 Low-Alloy Tool Steels
T72301-T72305 Water Hardening Tool Steels
T74000-T75008 Cr-Steels Solid Welding Wire for Machinable Surfaces and Tool and Die Surfaces
T87510-T87520 Thermal Spray Wire
T90102-T91907 Cast Tool Steels

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