AISI 1006 Carbon Steel (UNS G10060)

Topics Covered

Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations


Steels containing mainly carbon as the alloying element are called carbon steels. They contain about 0.4% silicon and 1.2% manganese. Chromium, nickel, aluminium, copper and molybdenum are also present in small quantities in the carbon steels.

The features of AISI 1006 carbon steel are mainly softness and ductility. The following datasheet will provide more details about AISI 1006 carbon steel.

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of AISI 1006 carbon steel.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 99.43-99.75
Manganese, Mn 0.25-0.40
Carbon, C 0.080
Sulfur, S 0.050
Phosphorous, P 0.040

Physical Properties

The physical properties of AISI 1006 carbon steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.872 g/cm3 0.2844 lb/in³

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of AISI 1006 cold drawn carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 330 MPa 47900 psi
Yield strength (depending on temper) 285 MPa 41300 psi
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi
Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80.0 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 20% 20%
Reduction of area 45% 45%
Hardness, Brinell 95 95
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 113 113
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 55 55
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 98 98
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel as 100 machinability) The machinability of group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing) 50 50

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1006 carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@0.000-100°C/32-212°F) 12.6 µm/m°C 7 µin/in°F

Other Designations

Equivalent materials to AISI 1006 carbon steel are:

  • AMS 5041
  • ASME 5041
  • ASTM A29
  • ASTM A510
  • ASTM A545
  • FED QQ-W-461
  • MIL SPEC MIL-S-11310 (CS1006)
  • SAE J403
  • SAE J412 (1005)
  • SAE J414


AISI 1006 carbon steel is primarily used in applications which require hard bending and welding such as panels for appliances or automobiles. AISI 1006 carbon steel can also be used in magnet core applications.

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