Posted in | Materials Processing

Sapphire Wafer Carriers

Insaco, Inc has become recognized as a worldwide leader in custom machined ceramic and sapphire parts for the semiconductor industry. Through this experience, Insaco® offers multiple hole wafer carriers in sapphire for GaAs, Indium Phosphide, and other semiconductors.

Why Sapphire?

  • Superior chip resistance
  • Chemically resistant to all reagents used in processing
  • Scratch resistant. Harder than any other optical material except diamond.
  • Transparent
  • Durable. Withstands repeated use and handling
  • Best coefficient of thermal expansion match to GaAs.

Insaco® has also developed unique capabilities to fabricate wafers with one or more circular recesses; to serve as holder for other wafers. This includes single recess in the center as well as, for example, four 2” recesses in a single 6” carrier. The key is keeping the recess flat and parallel, and perhaps also polished. This is where innovation was required, and we are able to offer flat and parallel recesses to .0001” (2.5 micron).

Sapphire Offers Many Advantages Over Quartz Carriers:

  • Higher thermal conductivity (42 W / mK @ 20 °C).
  • Higher melting temperature (2040 °C).
  • Much greater hardness & scratch resistance - second only to diamond.
  • Impervious to virtually all chemicals and reagents.


  • Custom sizes for the processing of your 2",3", 4" and 6" GaAs wafers, with larger carrier sizes if required
  • Available with or without perforations
  • Laser marked for identification
  • Scratch and chemical resistant


  • Cost savings by giving you exactly what you need
  • Flexibility in meeting your design specs
  • Provides full documentation and continuous traceability
  • Lends itself to repeated use without compromising the integrity of the wafer

Run Time - 2:18mins

Wafer Carrier Demo - Sapphire for GaAs, Indium Phosphide, & Other Semiconductors - with Music

Video Credit: INSACO Inc. - Machining of Hard Materials

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