The AZoM.com "Materials Thought Leaders" series is a selection of articles that cover the key technology areas where materials are making an impact and where they will make an increasing impact. All the articles are written by experts who have been invited as recognised leaders in their fields to provide a "state of the art" contribution.
Currently, surgeons use two primary types of materials inside the body to replace damaged body parts: either common industrial materials or harvested natural materials. In order to replace these biochemical functions, harvested natural materials are generally the gold standard.
Diamond is highly attractive as a laser material as it promises capabilities well beyond that possible from other materials in accordance with its extreme properties.
Atom Probe Tomography (APT) represents a revolutionary characterization tool for materials that can image individual atoms in three dimensions, a major advancement over the two dimensional images of other microscopy techniques.
Among the twelve principles of green science and technology is a desire that the production of materials be achieved from sustainable sources with minimal environmental impact, and preferably by recycling of waste materials.
Materiomics is defined as the study of the material properties of natural and synthetic materials by examining fundamental links between processes, structures and properties at multiple scales, by using systematic experimental, theoretical or computational methods.
The goal of clean coal research is to increase the steam temperature, which would increase efficiency. At these conditions, Ni-base superalloy blades and vanes in the turbine are protected by sophisticated film cooling systems and by thermal barrier coatings.
The scope of Green Engineering depends upon one's perspective and discipline, but it is broadly defined as minimizing environmental impacts across all life cycle phases in the design and engineering of products, processes, and systems.
Structural integrity is concerned with determining and predicting the performance, failure, durability and safety of the component fabricated from the material that is subjected to a range of operating conditions during use.
There is significant interest in the development of new generations of semiconductor-based sensors that take advantage of microelectronic fabrication techniques to create robust sensor arrays that are integrated with wireless data transmission systems.
The nuclear industry is at the eye of a perfect storm with fuel oil and natural gas prices near record highs, worldwide energy demands increasing at an alarming rate, and increased concerns about greenhouse gas emissions that have caused many to look negatively at the long-term use of fossil fuels.